What is a LISP?

There are two types of lisps: 1. An Interdental Lisp. An interdental lisp is when the tongue protrudes between the teeth on certain sounds (e.g. /s/ & /z/). This is considered a normally developing speech pattern in children. An interdental lisp can self-correct up to 6 years. However, if a child still has a lisp…

Speech Sounds and Development

What is articulation: Articulation is the formation of clear and distinct sounds in speech. Why do kids struggle: The majority of speech sound disorders are caused by unknown factors, however there are some known origins including: – Genetic causes – Craniofacial anomalies – Cognitive/intellectual impairment – Hearing loss – Motor impairment – Autism Spectrum Disorder…

What Can Cause an Articulation Disorder?

Articulation Disorder Causes of Articulation Disorders There are many reasons why a child may have an articulation disorder. Some of these reasons are: The child may have had intermittent hearing loss issues when they were little. They may for instance have had an extended period of time with hearing loss when their sounds were developing.…

Phonological Disorder _ PHONEME COLLAPSE This is a term used to describe the situation when a child uses a single consonant sound in place of other consonant sounds. The more extensive the phoneme collapse is, the more unintelligible the child’s speech, due to the large number of sounds that are being substituted. The child may…

Childhood Apraxia of Speech

What is Childhood Apraxia of Speech? Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) is described as a speech condition that impairs a child’s ability to plan the motor movements of the lips, tongue and jaw, which are the parts of the mouth that are used to produce clear and intelligible speech. With intensive and appropriately targeted intervention…