WHAT do children need?

They need to be taught: Phonological Awareness, Phonics, Fluency and Vocabulary

WHY do they need these skills?

  • Early, explicit, and systematic instruction in phonics, along with direct
    instruction in phonological awareness, can prevent and also remediate
    reading difficulties
  • The combination of explicit phonics and phonological training for all students
    in kindergarten and first grade provides far greater results in word-level
    reading skills than any other teaching practice that has been studies.


Phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, and vocabulary all lead to ……COMPREHENSION.